Homeland Security: 90% Reduction in illegal border crossings since 2005

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How many Mexicans actually cross the border illegally?

A new study says the number has been reduced to 170,000 in 2015, one-tenth of what it was in 2005.

Daniel González, The Republic | azcentral.com

10/9/2016

NOGALES, Sonora — Pedro Sanchez Valladares climbed over the border fence and trekked through the desert for half an hour. He was almost at a pickup point to meet a smuggling crew to drive him to Phoenix and then to his final destination, Charlotte, N.C.

Then he heard a Border Patrol agent yell, “Stop!”

Sanchez Valladares knew he’d been caught. He didn’t run.

“I just sat down,” he said.

Crossing the border illegally was far easier 22 years ago, when the migrant, now 37, first came to the U.S. as a 14-year-old.

“I crossed in the middle of the city, in the daytime,” recalled Sanchez Valladares, who was deported to Mexico in 2008, leaving behind four children in the U.S., two of them in Charlotte. “It took me about 15 minutes.”

Now crossing illegally is “very hard,”  conceded Sanchez Valladares, who is barred from legally returning to the U.S. for 10 years.

That is confirmed by a new internal Department of Homeland Security report, obtained by The Arizona Republic and azcentral.com, that concludes ramped-up border enforcement is working, helping to reduce successful crossings to one-tenth of what they were a decade earlier across the southern U.S. border with Mexico. The research is based on complicated mathematical calculations using published and internal Border Patrol data.

But the bottom line is this: Far fewer migrants from Mexico are successfully entering the country illegally than a decade ago because stepped-up border enforcement means fewer are trying, more are getting caught and more are giving up.

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